Coordinates: 50°50′N 4°00′E / 50.833°N 4.000°E / 50.833; 4.000
Belgium (i/ˈbɛldʒəm/; Dutch: België [ˈbɛlɣijə]; French: Belgique [bɛlʒik]; German: Belgien [ˈbɛlɡiən]), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in Western Europe. It is a founding member of the European Union and hosts several of the EU's official seats and as well as the headquarters of many major international organizations such as NATO. Belgium covers an area of 30,528 square kilometres (11,787 sq mi) and has a population of about 11 million people.
Straddling the cultural boundary between Germanic and Latin Europe, Belgium is home to two main linguistic groups: the Dutch-speaking, mostly Flemish community, which constitutes about 59% of the population, and the French-speaking, mostly Walloon population, which comprises 41% of all Belgians. Additionally, there is a small group of German-speakers who live in the East Cantons located around the High Fens area, and bordering Germany.
Belgium is a federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance. Its two largest regions are the Dutch-speaking region of Flanders in the north and the French-speaking southern region of Wallonia. The Brussels-Capital Region, officially bilingual, is a mostly French-speaking enclave within the Flemish Region. A German-speaking Community exists in eastern Wallonia. Belgium's linguistic diversity and related political conflicts are reflected in its political history and complex system of government.
The history of Belgium stretches back before the origin of the modern state of that name in 1830. Belgium's history is intertwined with those of its neighbours: the Netherlands, Germany, France and Luxembourg. For most of its history, what is now Belgium was either a part of a larger territory, such as the Carolingian Empire, or divided into a number of smaller states, prominent among them being the Duchy of Brabant, the County of Flanders, the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and Luxembourg. Due to its strategic location and the many armies fighting on its soil, Belgium since the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648) has often been called the "battlefield of Europe" or the "cockpit of Europe." It is also remarkable as a European nation which contains, and is divided by, a language boundary between Latin-derived French, and Germanic Dutch.
Belgian wine is produced in several parts of Belgium and production, although still modest at 1,400 hectoliters in 2004, has expanded in recent decades.
Belgian wine first appeared in the Middle Ages, around the 9th century. It is unlikely that wine was made in the area now known as Belgium before that, since the climate was not suitable and Gaul was covered with thick forests. However, there are mentions of Paris vineyards in the 4th century. From that time, vine cultivation spread northward and in the 8th century the banks of the Rhine were covered with vineyards. The first attempts at viniculture in Belgium were made around the same time. Moreover, the vineyards were already well established in Amay. The vineyard at Vivegnis, in the north of the province of Liège, was already considered old in the 9th century, as well as the vineyard at Huy, which belonged in part to the Bishop of Liège. The edges of the Meuse River were intensively cultivated because they offered well-exposed hillsides.
|Radio 19 (BE)||60s||Belgium|
|Hit Radio Namur 94.9 FM||Top 40||Belgium|
|La Cible Radio||Rock||Belgium|
|Lazer Hot Hits||Dance,Electronica||Belgium|
|Sud Radio Mons||Pop||Belgium|
|RTBF Classic 21 Les classiques de Classic||90s,80s,Soft Rock||Belgium|
|Radio Centraal (BE)||Alternative,Indie Rock||Belgium|
|JOE FM||Adult Contemporary||Belgium|
|VRT Radio 2 Limburg||Varied||Belgium|
|RTR 1 Melodienradio||Pop||Belgium|
|Radio Donna (BE)||Adult Contemporary||Belgium|
|Radio Eole FM||Dance||Belgium|
|VRT Radio 2 Ost-Vlaanderen||Varied||Belgium|
|Adorable Dance Radio||Dance,Electronica||Belgium|
|Radio Arcadie||Ambient,Religious,New Age||Belgium|
|O Radio Antwerpen||Dance,Electronica||Belgium|
|Hit FM (BE)||Top 40||Belgium|
|Mixx FM Charleroi 107.6||Dance||Belgium|
|VRT Radio 2 West-Vlaanderen||Varied||Belgium|
|Radio Golden Flash||Oldies||Belgium|
|You FM Mons||Pop||Belgium|
|Lonestar radio||Adult Contemporary,Oldies||Belgium|
|RTBF Classic 21 60's||60s||Belgium|
|Bio Hits||Top 40||Belgium|